Skip to main content
Version: 8.1

Replacing class factory

Level: advanced

Instantiate the replacing class using the replacing class object factory. Creatio requests the replaced type instance from the factory. The factory returns the instance of the corresponding replacing type, which the factory computes using the dependency tree in source code schemas.

To create a replacing configuration element of the appropriate type, follow the procedure covered in a separate guide: Configuration elements.

[Override] attribute

The [Override] attribute type belongs to the Terrasoft.Core.Factories namespace and directly inherits the System.Attribute base type. Learn more about the Terrasoft.Core.Factories namespace in the .NET class library. Learn more about the System.Attribute base type in the official Microsoft documentation.

The [Override] attribute only applies to classes. The purpose of the [Override] attribute is to define classes to take into account when building a dependency tree of replacing and replaced factory types.

View how to apply the [Override] attribute to the MySubstituteClass replacing class below. SubstitutableClass is the replaced class.

[Override]
public class ReplacingClassName : ReplacedClassName
{
/* Implement the class. */
}

ClassFactory class

The purpose of the ClassFactory class is to implement the factory of replacing Creatio objects. The factory uses the Ninject open-source framework to inject dependencies. Learn more about the ClassFactory static class in the .NET class library.

Creatio initializes the factory during the first call to it, i. e. at the first attempt to retrieve the replacing type instance. The factory collects data about the replaced configuration types as part of the initialization.

The operating procedure of the factory:

  1. Search for replacing types. The factory analyzes the configuration build types. The factory interprets the class marked with the [Override] attribute as a replacing class and its parent class as a replaced class.
  2. Build the type dependency tree as a list of Replaced type → Replacing type value pairs. The replacement hierarchy tree does not take transitional types into account.
  3. Replace the source class with the last inheritor in the replacement hierarchy.
  4. Bind replacement types based on the type dependency tree. The factory uses the Ninject framework.

View the factory workflow based on the class hierarchy example below.

Class hierarchy example
/* Source class. */
public class ClassA { }

/* Class that replaces ClassA. */
[Override]
public class ClassB : ClassA { }

/* Class that replaces ClassB. */
[Override]
public class ClassC : ClassB { }

The factory will use the class hierarchy to build a dependency tree you can view below.

Dependency tree example
ClassA → ClassC
ClassB → ClassC

The factory will not take the transitional types into account when building the dependency tree.

Type replacement hierarchy example
ClassA → ClassB → ClassC

Here, the ClassC type, and not the transitional ClassB type, replaces ClassA. This is because ClassC is the last inheritor in the replacement hierarchy. As such, the factory will return the ClassC instance if you request the ClassA or ClassB type instance.

Replaced type instance

To retrieve a replaced type instance, use the Get<T> public static parameterized method. The ClassFactory factory provides this method. The replaced type serves as a generic method parameter. Learn more about the Get<T> method in the .NET class library.

Example that retrieves the replaced type instance
var substituteObject = ClassFactory.Get<SubstitutableClass>();

As a result, Creatio will create the MySubstituteClass class instance. You do not have to state the type of the new instance explicitly. The preliminary initialization lets the factory determine the type to replace the requested type and create the corresponding instance.

The Get<T> method can accept an array of ConstructorArgument objects as parameters. Each of the objects in the array is a class constructor argument the factory created. As such, the factory lets you instantiate replacing objects with parameterized constructors. The factory core resolves the dependencies required for the creation or operation of the object independently.

We recommend ensuring the signature of the replaced class constructors matches the signature of the replacing class. If the replacing class implementation logic must declare the constructor that has a custom signature, make sure to follow the rules listed below.

Rules for creating and calling replaced and replacing class constructors:

  • If the replaced class lacks an explicitly parameterized constructor (the class only has a default constructor), you can implement an explicitly parameterized independent constructor in the replacing class without any restrictions. Follow the standard order of calls to the parent (replaced) and child (replacing) class constructors. When instantiating the replaced class via the factory, make sure to pass the correct parameters to initialize the replacing class properties to the factory.
  • If the replaced class has a parameterized constructor, implement the constructor in the replacing class. The replacing class constructor must call the parameterized constructor of the parent (replaced) class explicitly and pass the parameters for the correct initialization of the parent properties to the parent class. Other than that, the replacing class constructor may initialize its properties or remain empty.

Failure to comply with the rules will result in a runtime error. The developer is responsible for the correct initialization of replacing and replaced class properties.


See also

Configuration elements


Resources

.NET classes reference (description of the Terrasoft.Core.Factories namespace)

Official Microsoft documentation (description of the System.Attribute base type)

Official Ninject site

.NET classes reference (description of the ClassFactory static class)

.NET classes reference (description of the Get<T> method)